THE JAMA MASJID OF HERAT, AFGHANISTAN

The Jama Masjid of Herat


The Jama Masjid of Herat (مسجد جمعه هرات), also known as the Masjid-i Jami' of Herat, and the Great Mosque of Herat is a mosque in the city of Herat, in the Herat Province of north-western Afghanistan. It was built by the Timurids and extended by several rulers as Herat changed rulers down the centuries from the Timurids, to the Safavids, to the Mughals and the Uzbeks, all of whom supported the mosque. Though many of the glazed tiles have been replaced during subsequent periods, the Great Mosque in Herat was given its present form during the closing years of the fifteenth century.


Apart from numerous small neighborhood mosques for daily prayer, most communities in the Islamic world have a larger mosque, a congregational mosque for Friday services with a sermon. The Jama Masjid was not always the largest mosque in Herat; a much larger complex the Mosque and Madressa of Gawharshad, also built by the Timurids, was located in the northern part of the city. However, those architectural monuments were dynamited by officers of the British Indian Army in 1885, to prevent its use as a fortress if a Russian army tried to invade India.

Jama Masjid of Herat
Basic information
LocationHerat, Afghanistan
AffiliationIslam
LeadershipShahrukh Mirza
Architectural description
Architect(s)Jalal al-Din Firuzshah
Architectural typeMosque
Architectural styleIslamic
Groundbreaking1404 (807 AH)
Completed1446 (850 AH)
Specifications
Minaret(s)8
MaterialsLapis lazuli, Brick, Stone




File:Herat Masjidi Jami.jpg

File: Herat Masjidi Jami courtyard.jpg

File: 2009 Masjid-e Jami di Herat Afghanistan 4112223638.jpg

File: Friday Mosque Herat pintu detail.jpg

File:Herat Masjidi Jami minaret.jpg

File:Herat Congregational Mosque -Afghanistan.jpg

File:Friday Mosque Panoramas (5452491811).jpg

File: 2009 Masjid-e Jami - Herat, Afghanistan 4111460449.jpg


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